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Nitrogen is a colorless, odorless and inert gas. It is obtained by separating nitrogen, which is largely present in the air. It is widely used in packaging and storage in the food industry, electronic manufacturing, chemical processes, as a refrigerant in the medical field, and in high-pressure testing.

Physical Properties
  • Colorless and Odorless: Nitrogen is a colorless and odorless gas, so it is invisible to the eye and naturally undetectable.

  • Inert: Nitrogen is an inert gas that does not react with other gases in the atmosphere.

  • Density: Because it mixes with air, it makes up most of the atmosphere and is a slightly lighter gas than the density of air.

  • Air Distillation: Nitrogen is usually produced by distillation of air. Air contains approximately 78% nitrogen, so it can be obtained by liquefaction and fractionation of air.

  • Ammonia Solution: Nitrogen can also be produced during the electrolysis of ammonia solution.


Areas of Use
  • Food Industry: Nitrogen is used in the packaging and storage of food products. It is used as an effective inert gas in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) processes and freezing applications.

  • Electronics Industry: It is used to provide an inert atmosphere in the production and storage of electronic devices, especially in the protection of sensitive components.

  • Chemical Industry: Can be used as a reactant, refrigerant or inert gas in chemical processes.

  • Medicine and Health: Nitrogen can be used as a refrigerant in medical applications. It can also be included in surgical laser systems used in surgical fields.

  • High Pressure Testing: Nitrogen can be used as a pressurizing and test gas in high-pressure testing.


  • Nitrogen is generally considered safe because it is a gas already present in the atmosphere.

  • However, emitting large quantities of nitrogen in confined spaces can lower oxygen levels, which can lead to respiratory problems. Therefore, the use of nitrogen in confined spaces must be carefully managed.

Nitrogen is an important gas widely used in many industrial, scientific and medical applications.

Laboratuvarda Mühendisi
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