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Narcotics are inhalation anesthetics used to block pain and alter consciousness, usually during surgical procedures. These gases are inhaled by the patient, usually connected to a respiratory system.

Foundation Types

Nitrogen Protoxide (N2O - Laughing Gas):

  • Objective: Light anesthesia and pain control.

  • Properties: Colorless and odorless gas.

  • Uses: Dentistry, some surgical interventions.

  • Halogenated Gases such as Halothane, Isoflurane, Sevoflurane:

  • Purpose: To provide deep general anesthesia.

  • Properties: Colorless, volatile liquids or gases.

  • Uses: General surgery, intensive care applications.

Gases and Types Used

Nitrogen Protoxide (N2O):

  • Properties: Provides mild anesthesia, increases pain threshold and provides relief.

  • Safety: Potentially dangerous in high doses.

  • Halogenated Gases (Halothane, Isoflurane, Sevoflurane):

  • Properties: Provides deep general anesthesia, fast acting.

  • Safety: Dosage should be carefully controlled, especially the effects on the respiratory system should be monitored.

  • Narcosis gases are usually inhaled by the patient through an anesthesia machine integrated into a breathing system.

  • The gases are mixed in a specific concentration and proportions.

  • The administration of narcotic gases must be controlled by specialized anesthesiologists.

  • The appropriate type of anesthesia is selected taking into account the general health status of the patient, age, allergies and other factors.

  • Patient vital parameters are continuously monitored by means of monitors.

Narcosis plays an important role in providing relaxation, pain control and altering consciousness during medical procedures. However, it should be used under expert control and in appropriate doses.

Laboratuvarda Mühendisi
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